Room-temperature quantum transport signatures in graphene/LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures

The pseudospin quantum degree of freedom is one of the most remarkable properties of graphene that distinguishes it from ordinary two-dimensional metals and semiconductors. Pseudospin quantum interference leads to weak antilocalization (WAL) and is influenced strongly by point defects and thermal perturbations that break chirality and destroy phase coherence. Preserving and manipulating quantum transport properties up to room temperature is key to realizing practical pseudospin-based graphene devices. Here we report fabrication and transport characterization of graphene field-effect devices on a complex-oxide heterostructure, LaAlO3/SrTiO3. Clear signatures of WAL, a consequence of pseudospin quantum interference, persist up to room temperature. The LaAlO3/SrTiO3 substrate plays a critical role in suppressing charged impurity scattering and electron-phonon coupling. The observation of quantum transport signatures at room temperature is unique to this system and presents new opportunities for the development of pseudospin-based devices and novel multifunctional devices that couple to the complex-oxide interface.