Graphene-Complex-Oxide Nanostructures

Graphene-complex-oxide nanostructure (representative).

The integration of graphene with complex-oxide heterostructures such as LaAlO3/SrTiO3 offers the opportunity to combine the multifunctional properties of an oxide interface with the exceptional electronic properties of graphene. The ability to control interface conduction through graphene and understanding how it affects the intrinsic properties of an oxide interface are critical to the technological development of multifunctional devices. Here we demonstrate several device archetypes in which electron transport at an oxide interface is modulated using a patterned graphene top-gate. Nanoscale devices are fabricated at the oxide interface by conductive atomic force microscope (c-AFM) lithography, and transport measurements are performed as a function of the graphene gate voltage. Experiments are performed with devices written adjacent to or directly underneath the graphene gate. Distinct capabilities of this approach include the ability to create highly flexible device configurations, the ability to modulate carrier density at the oxide interface, and the ability to control electron transport up to the single-electron tunneling regime, while maintaining intrinsic transport properties of the oxide interface. Our results so far facilitate the design of a variety of nanoscale devices that combine excellent transport properties of these two proximal two-dimensional electron systems